IUCN Status: Vulnerable
Date Assessed: 2016
Threats: Habitat loss, illegal hunting, interbreeding with domestic cattle
Size: body mass: 70 kg; height at shoulder: 1m; Horn style: long, straight or slightly curved, ringed horns which are 50-75 cm.
Geographic Range: Israel; Jordan; Oman; Saudi Arabia; United Arab Emirates. They favour Desert habitats
The Arabian oryx (Oryx leucoryx) or white oryx is a medium-sized antelope with a distinct shoulder bump, long, straight horns, and a tufted tail. It is a bovid, and the smallest member of the genus Oryx, native to desert and steppe areas of the Arabian Peninsula. The Arabian oryx was extinct in the wild by the early 1970s, but was saved in zoos and private reserves, and was reintroduced into the wild starting in 1980.
In 1986, the Arabian oryx was classified as endangered on the IUCN Red List, and in 2011, it was the first animal to revert to vulnerable status after previously being listed as extinct in the wild. It is listed in CITES Appendix I. In 2016, populations were estimated at 1,220 individuals in the wild, including 850 mature individuals, and 6,000–7,000 in captivity worldwide
Find more info on the IUCN Red list listing